Xinye is a historic Chinese village in Daciyan Town (大慈岩镇) , Jiande City, Zhejiang Province. Founded in the Southern Song Dynasty, Xinye is noted for its well-preserved Ming and Qing era architecture and ancient residential buildings. Xinye is also known for holding ancestor worship ceremonies on the annual Shangsi Festival, an ancient tradition that is only practiced by a few communities in China today, including Xinye. In 2010 it was designated as a National Historic and Cultural Village of China.
History & Background
Xinye was founded in 1219 during the reign of Emperor Ningzong of the Southern Song Dynasty, when founder Ye Kun (叶坤) moved to the area. Ye Kun's grandson Ye Kecheng (叶克诚, 1250-1323) expanded the village, building Xishan Ancestral Hall (西山祠堂) on the western hills, and Youxu Ancestral Hall (有序堂) at the center of the village.
Most of the 3,900 villagers today are surnamed Ye and trace their lineage from Ye Kun through 29 generations. They are collectively called the Yuhua Ye Clan (玉华叶氏) after the mountain overlooking the village. During the eighth generation the village was further divided into subclans (派), each building its own ancestral hall. There are now five subclans: Chongren (崇仁), Chongzhi (崇智), Chongde (崇德), Chongyi (崇义), and Yuqing (余庆), with the Chongren subclan being the most prosperous.
With 16 ancestral halls and 230 white-washed ancient residences that are well preserved, Xinye is acclaimed as the largest open-air museum of ancient residences in China. Its architectural style is similar to that of the nearby historical Huizhou region which includes World Heritage Sites Hongcun and Xidi.
Xishan is the oldest among Xinye's ancestral halls, and is now part of the Xinye Elementary School. Youxu remains the village's main ancestral hall where the most important ceremonies are held, though it is exceeded in size by Chongren Ancestral Hall of the eponymous subclan. Other major landmarks include the Ming Dynasty Tuanyun Pagoda (抟云塔) and Wenchang Pavilion (文昌阁). Also near the village is Daci Rock (大慈岩), a Buddhist temple built on a sheer mountain cliff dating from the Mongol Yuan Dynasty.
The village's remote mountainous location and strong sense of clanship are the major reasons for its excellent state of preservation. Even during the Cultural Revolution when much of China's cultural heritage was systematically destroyed, the villagers protected the ancient buildings by plastering lime and posting papers with quotes of Mao Zedong on their sculptures and carvings.
The main religious practice of the village is traditional ancestor worship; most temples in Xinye are dedicated to ancestors of the village or the subclans. To that end, the village has maintained a detailed genealogy book through the centuries, which is officially updated once every sexagenary cycle (60 years), accompanied by a major ceremony.
While most regions of China celebrates the Chinese New Year as the main annual festival, in Xinye the most important festival is the Shangsi or Double Third, which falls on the third day of the third month of the Chinese calendar. Shangsi Festival is an ancient tradition that is only practiced by a few local communities in China today. The celebration includes a 3-kilometer ritual procession to Yuquan Temple (玉泉寺) and back, and ancestor worship ceremonies and performances are held in many temples.
In 2010 Xinye was designated as a National Historic and Cultural Village of China, and it plans to eventually apply for World Heritage Site status together with nearby Zhuge and Yuyuan villages.
Admission Fee: Free
How to get there
1. Take a bus from Hangzhou west station to Xinye Village, 2 shifts/ day;
2. Take a bus from Jiande South Station to Xinye Village, many shifts available;
3. Take a bus from Jinhua Station to Lanxi City and change for bus to Xinye Village, 4 shifts/day.
1.The village is newly restored. They plan to charge for admission after "the third day of the third month of lunar year" of 2010, when a sacrificial ceremony will be held.
2. Inns and restaurants will be set up then.
Attractions(Cities)：The hangzhou Westlake(including a boat cruise), Fish Viewing at the Flower Pond, Guo Garden, Drangon Well Tea Plantation, Bamboo lined path at Yunqi, Hangzhou Qianjiang CBD
Tour Style：Discover the treasures of Hangzhou on a private full-day trip includes visits to West Lake and Dragon Well Tea Plantation to learn about the tea-making process, visit the Guo's gaden to see how the local people enjoy their life in Hangzhou since Hangzhou was chosen as the most liveable city in China...And visit the Hangzhou CBD will serve as Hangzhou’s future business, political and cultural center.
Attractions(Cities)：The hangzhou Westlake(including the boat cruise), Fish Viewing at the Flower Pond, Lingyin Temple and Meijiawu Tea Plantation, Anmanfayun Village, The Song Dynasty Imperial Street
Tour Style：Hangzhou is one of the most popular tourist cities in China,Ten of millions of people travel to Hangzhou every year. Sightseeing can often be stressful, especially when long lines and crowds are involved. 8-hour tour in Hangzhou is precious. A skip-the-line tour essentially allows you to avoid the queue and head right to the entrance of the famous temple, taking a reserved private boat cruise without waiting for a big sharing boat...We have our own way to book the ticket and also have the fast pass on scenic spots.
Attractions(Cities)：West Lake(Private rowing boat cruise), Guo's Villa, Lingyin Temple, Meijiawu Tea Plantation, Cheng Huang Pavilion
Tour Style：Hangzhou is one of the most popular tourist cities in China,Ten of millions of people travel to Hangzhou every year.10-hour tour in Hangzhou is precious, so don't waste it standing in line! We've handpicked the best skip-the-line tour so you can see all the top sites around UNESCO Site West lake without the long lines, skip the entrance line on scenic spots. We have our own way to book the ticket and also have the fast pass on scenic spots. The bullet train makes Hangzhou easy to reach from Shanghai, choose first class seat to upgrade your journey to ensure a comfortable trip. Hotel pick up and drop off, authentic lunch, first-class train ticket, entrance fee are all included.
Attractions(Cities)：Hangzhou Nightlife,Impression Westlake Water Show (Enduring Memories of Hangzhou), Qinghefang Street
Tour Style：Discover Hangzhou by night on this magical private tour. Start by exploring historic Hefang Street, with your private translator/guide on hand to explain the local delicacies and advise on souvenirs. Then take your VIP seats for the Enduring Memories of Hangzhou show. This outdoor, evening event uses the UNESCO-listed West Lake—one of China’s most beautiful lake as a backdrop, and combines dance, opera, singing, and other cultural highlights.
Duration：Two Days One Night
Attractions(Cities)：The West Lake(including boat cruise on the lake),Guo Garden,China National Tea Museum,Dragon Well Tea Plantation (Meijiawu Tea Village),Leifeng Pagoda,The Song Dynasty Imperial Street,Six Harmonies pagoda, Fish Viewing At Flower Pond,Lingyin Temple,P
Tour Style：Hangzhou is a place worth staying for one night or more that. This two days Hangzhou Classic Tour with Impression West Lake Show in the best tour in Hangzhou for your choice.
Certificate of Excellence
China Private Tours-Day Tour
(Your Privacy is Protected)
1 to 1 tailor-made service from our professional travel advisors for the most sophisticated
Constantly excellent reviews for attraction, hotel and service Competitive price
Local experts provide quality tours Best selected knowledgeable local guides Authentic local restaurants
7*24 hours available to create you a worry-free tour. No Hidden Fees and absolutely no pressure to buy. Secured
Copyright © 2017 Hangzhouprivatetour.com All rights reserved.