Liuhe Ta, Six Harmonies Pagoda, was once a seven-storey stone pagoda, but later a 13-story wooden pagoda was built around the outside enclosing the wooden structure. The top level, accessed by a spiral staircase in the stone pagoda, offers a fine view of the surrounding mountains, the Qiantang River and Qiantang River Great Bridge, which is the largest double-decker (road above, rail below) bridge built by China. The ceiling of each level is carved and painted with flowers, birds and animals in an elegant and delicate style.
Six Harmonies Pagoda is named after nearby Six Harmonies Temple, but it could be said there are six harmonies within the structure itself where the 7-story inner pagoda harmonizes with the 13-story outer pagoda.
History & Background
Six Harmonies Pagoda (Liuhe Pogoda) is one of the true masterpieces of ancient Chinese architecture. According to historic accounts, the pagoda was constructed first in 970 by the King of Wuyue, who ruled the area that is today made up of Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Fujian provinces. The purpose for building the pagoda was to calm the tidal waters of the Qiantang River, aid in navigation.
The 9-storeyed pagoda is more than 50 zhang (1 zhang = 3.33meters) high, steep and grand. Bright lamps were installed on the top for guide the ships to sail in the dark nights. In the third year (1121) of the Xuanhe reign, the Six Harmonies Pagoda was destroyed by the war. The existing brick body was rebuilt in the 26th year (1156) of the Shaoxing reign of the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279). The project was not completed until the first year (1165) of the Qianbao reign. The Six Harmonies Pagoda has 13 layers of wooden eaves that were rebuilt in the 26th year (1900) of the Guangxu reign of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). Six storeys of it are close, and the seventh storey leads to the inside. From outside to inside, the pagoda is divided into four parts: the outer wall, the cloister, the inner wall and a small room, forming two rings. Inside the inner ring is the small room at the heart of the pagoda; the outer ring is the thick wall; between two rings is the corridor, and the stairs are in the corridor. A leaning pole is fixed at the corner of outer wall, connected with the wood eaves. Doors are opened in each side of the wall. Because the wall is 4.12-meter thick, each door has a corridor with wall niches on both sides.
The niches have pedestals. The passageway leads to the cloister. Four doors and four niches alternate with each other on the eight sides of the inner wall. The 4.2-meter-thick inner wall has doors with a corridor each, leading to the small room at the heart. The niches are carved with The Sutra of Forty-Two Sections. The small room was originally set for the statue of Buddha; it is an exquisite building intimating wood structure. The molds of the Hu Gate in the Six Harmonies Pagoda are typical style of the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279), with smooth lines and round and beautiful design. The seventh storey and the pagoda spire were built in the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368).
On the pedestal of the Six Harmonies Pagoda, there are more than 200 vivid brick carvings that contain wide-range subjects: pomegranate, lotuses, phoenixes, peacocks and parrots flying in the sky, lions, kylins (unicorn) galloping and jumping, and fairy maiden dancing high-spiritedly, etc. These brick carvings tally with the record in Ying Zao Fa Shi (Constructing Molds and Styles) of the Song Dynasty. They are valuable material in the history of China's ancient buildings.
The Six Harmonies Pagoda is one of the famous sceneries in Hangzhou City. When travelers come here, they can not only enjoy the heroic posture of the pagoda, but also get some idea of the views on the Qiantang River. Therefore, a number of scholars and poets in the past wrote poems and lyrics about them.
Admission: RMB 20 (extra RMB 10 to climb the pagoda)
Hours: 6:00am-6:30pm daily
How to get there:
Located at 16 Zhijiang Lu, 之江路16号. Bus nos. 2, K4, 308, 504 or tourist bus 5 will get your there. Hop off at the Liùhé Tǎ (六和塔) stop.
Attractions(Cities)：The hangzhou Westlake(including a boat cruise), Fish Viewing at the Flower Pond, Guo Garden, Drangon Well Tea Plantation, Bamboo lined path at Yunqi, Hangzhou Qianjiang CBD
Tour Style：Discover the treasures of Hangzhou on a private full-day trip includes visits to West Lake and Dragon Well Tea Plantation to learn about the tea-making process, visit the Guo's gaden to see how the local people enjoy their life in Hangzhou since Hangzhou was chosen as the most liveable city in China...And visit the Hangzhou CBD will serve as Hangzhou’s future business, political and cultural center.
Attractions(Cities)：West Lake(Private rowing boat cruise), Guo's Villa, Lingying Temple, Meijiawu Tea Plantation, Cheng Huang Pavilion
Tour Style：Hangzhou is one of the most popular tourist cities in China,Ten of millions of people travel to Hangzhou every year.10-hour tour in Hangzhou is precious, so don't waste it standing in line! We've handpicked the best skip-the-line tour so you can see all the top sites around UNESCO Site West lake without the long lines, skip the entrance line on scenic spots. We have our own way to book the ticket and also have the fast pass on scenic spots. The bullet train makes Hangzhou easy to reach from Shanghai, choose first class seat to upgrade your journey to ensure a comfortable trip. Hotel pick up and drop off, authentic lunch, first-class train ticket, entrance fee are all included.
Attractions(Cities)：The hangzhou Westlake(including the boat cruise), Fish Viewing at the Flower Pond, Lingyin Temple and Meijiawu Tea Plantation, Anmanfayun Village, The Song Dynasty Imperial Street
Tour Style：Cruise around the mist-shrouded West Lake,one of China’s most memorable natural wonders,and stroll around the Flower Harbor Park.Visit the famous Lingyin Temple,sample traditional tea at the Meijiawu Tea Village and stop for lunch in a local family home (own expense) to see the real life in Hangzhou
Attractions(Cities)：Hangzhou Nightlife,Impression Westlake Water Show (Enduring Memories of Hangzhou), Qinghefang Street
Tour Style：Discover Hangzhou by night on this magical private tour. Start by exploring historic Hefang Street, with your private translator/guide on hand to explain the local delicacies and advise on souvenirs. Then take your VIP seats for the Enduring Memories of Hangzhou show. This outdoor, evening event uses the UNESCO-listed West Lake—one of China’s most beautiful lake as a backdrop, and combines dance, opera, singing, and other cultural highlights.
Duration：Two Days One Night
Attractions(Cities)：The West Lake(including boat cruise on the lake),Guo Garden,China National Tea Museum,Dragon Well Tea Plantation (Meijiawu Tea Village),Leifeng Pagoda,The Song Dynasty Imperial Street,Six Harmonies pagoda, Fish Viewing At Flower Pond,Lingyin Temple,P
Tour Style：Hangzhou is a place worth staying for one night or more that. This two days Hangzhou Classic Tour with Impression West Lake Show in the best tour in Hangzhou for your choice.
Certificate of Excellence
China Private Tours-Day Tour
(Your Privacy is Protected)
1 to 1 tailor-made service from our professional travel advisors for the most sophisticated
Constantly excellent reviews for attraction, hotel and service Competitive price
Local experts provide quality tours Best selected knowledgeable local guides Authentic local restaurants
7*24 hours available to create you a worry-free tour. No Hidden Fees and absolutely no pressure to buy. Secured
Copyright © 2017 Hangzhouprivatetour.com All rights reserved.